From print, broadcast to digital, technology transforms the media of news reporting, now the general public have faster and easier accesses to almost any content displayed by word, image, sound and video. In addition to display methods, the evolution of news media also affects a great deal on news reporting particularly with the rise of Internet. The old pattern of agenda setting, content preference, and audience engagement has been substantially reshaped in this evolution.
Statement of intent
This paper will document the evolution of news media, including histories of newspapers, magazines , radio, TV and more recently the Internet and mobile.
Along with the technology development, the philosophy of news reporting is also undergoing a series of challenges, especially when digital media boom at mid-1990s. Why is print media encountering a subsequent decline? Is it necessarily the case that news would be more attractive when put online no matter of the style they are presented? How to adopt the right content display style on the right news media? How to switch from a media-oriented mode to an audience-oriented mode? How to make full use of digital media in terms of engaging the audience? The paper will focus a little bit on addressing the impact of digital technology on journalism and all the questions will be elaborated by sufficient cases.
I would intentionally use examples from China, where the change of news reporting is more revolutionary because of its long dominating “government propaganda” style.
I set my “past” from early 1900s to late 1990s: transformation from print to broadcast based media;
the “present” from 1990s to 2009: Internet, mobile forms take over the roles and user-generated content becomes part of the journalistic content;
the “future” since 2010: rich media, which is a comprehensive integration of print, audio, video, and IM interaction with receivers.
Ben, Scott. (2005). A Contemporary History of Digital Journalism. Television & New Media, 6(1), 89-126. Retrieved from Ebscohost.com.
This article documents the history of online journalism, charting its rise with the internet boom of the mid-1990s and its subsequent decline and stabilization within the present newsmedia market. This history is situated within the larger trajectories of contemporary journalism,paying particular attention to changes in the existing political economic structure of theindustry as it assumes digital form, the resultant variations in content and presentation, andthe implications for the health of the free press. In the final analysis, this article argues that themove to an online format has exacerbated negative trends that have dogged print journalismfor decades. It also extends an existing critique of hyper-commercial journalism bydeveloping the arguments to treat the new institutions and conventions of the digitalmarketplace.